Glossary of Web Technologies2022-06-20T22:19:45+01:00

Glossary of Web Technologies

Your guide to understanding all the key terms and concepts in web design

Guide to all the key terms and concepts in web design

Glossary of Web Technologies

Your guide to understanding all the key terms and concepts in web design

Guide to all the key terms and concepts in web design

Are you struggling to keep up with the ever-changing world of web design? Do new terms and technologies leave you feeling lost and confused?

You’re not alone. Web design is a complex and ever-evolving field, with new terminology being created all the time. But it doesn’t have to be so confusing.

Introducing the Web Design Glossary: your guide to understanding all the key terms and concepts in web design.

Back End2022-06-20T21:35:15+01:00

This generally refers to the database and server. These are components of the website that the average user doesn’t see.


A browser is a software application that allows you to access the internet. Popular browsers include Chrome, Edge, Safari and Firefox.


Caching is used to speed up websites. This can be done with either software or hardware. The server will store a version of the web page in its memory so that it can be delivered faster to the next visitor.

Content Delivery Network2022-06-20T21:41:25+01:00

A content delivery network (CDN) is a distributed collection of servers used to improve website performance. The goal is to serve website content from a server that is geographically closer to the user.

Content Management System2022-06-20T21:29:57+01:00

A Content Management System (CMS) is a software application that allows you to create and manage website content without having to know the technical side of website development. Popular content management systems include WordPress, Drupal and Joomla.


CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. Designers use CSS to style a web page and change its appearance. There are different CSS frameworks, like Bootstrap or Tailwind, that can be used to speed up website development.

Data Formats2022-06-20T21:27:31+01:00

Data formats structure data storage. For web development and web applications, JSON is becoming the most popular data format as it uses human-readable text to store and transmit data.


Websites use databases to store the information or content that makes up the web page. Popular databases for web development include MySQL, SQL Server, PostgreSQL and Redis.

SQL databases are called relational databases, meaning there are pre-defined relationships between the information. On the other hand, Redis uses an in-memory key-value data structure to store information. This makes it great for caching website data.

Domain Name2022-06-20T21:38:05+01:00

A domain name is used by people to access your website. They will enter the domain name into a browser which will then use a DNS server to locate the IP address for the web server.

Domain Name System2022-06-20T21:38:53+01:00

The domain name system (DNS) is used as a decentralised directory to identify the IP address for a domain name.


Frameworks are used to handle repetitive development tasks or to make development easier. Most frameworks are used server-side by a developer. Examples include Node.js, Ruby on Rails, .NET or Django.

Front End2022-06-20T21:34:05+01:00

This generally refers to the technology that controls how a user will see a web page. This includes HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.


HTML is a programming language used to describe the structure of a web page. HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language and is the standard markup language for creating web pages.


HTTPS stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure. It is used to securely send data between a browser and a web server. You will know when data is being transmitted securely as there will be a padlock symbol in the address bar.

IP Address2022-06-20T21:39:47+01:00

An IP address is a numerical string used to identify devices connected to a network.


Libraries are used to speed up development. They are collections of code snippets that provide functionality without having to write it all by yourself. Libraries also make code more efficient and ensure it works well across different devices.

Programming Languages2022-06-20T21:19:51+01:00

A programming language is a computer language used to develop software programs, scripts or other sets of instructions for computers to execute. Popular languages for web design include JavaScript, PHP, C# and HTML.

Progressive Web Apps2022-06-20T21:36:35+01:00

Progressive Web Apps (PWAs) are apps based on a website. PWAs are becoming more popular as they offer a rich user experience and fast loading times.


Protocols standardise how information is transported over the internet. The most common protocol for web development is HTTPS.

Serverless Architecture2022-06-20T21:40:30+01:00

Serverless architecture allows website developers to build, deploy and manage a website without having to manage servers. Despite the name, the website is still stored on cloud servers. These can automatically scale up or down depending on the traffic.

SSL Certificate2022-06-20T21:32:24+01:00

SSL stands for Secure Sockets Layer. The certificate is a small data file that is used to establish an encrypted connection between the browser and the web server. When the connection is secure, data can be transmitted via HTTPS.

Web Servers2022-06-20T21:21:40+01:00

A web server is made up of both physical hardware that stores a website’s files and components, plus the software that is used on the server. Together, they allow you to communicate with the server and send requests to view a web page.

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